Cuts, incisions, wounds, all are part of our life. Some minor accident here and there may leave the skin cut, bruised or bleeding. The wounds may be shallow or deep, and we need immediate treatment in all these cases. For all such cases, doctors often use sutures, commonly called stitches. They are basically sterile, surgical threads used to repair cuts.
Doctors use these sutures for minor surgery purposes and they close incisions from surgery. So, when the skin is cut, damaged or severed by injury, surgery or incision, sutures are used at the site to hold the skin together. Apart from the skin, they also hold together blood vessels and other tissues of the human body. They are very helpful for wound healing.
Clearly, sutures are very helpful for keeping the tissues together till enough healing has taken place. This is how cuts are healed by withstanding stress even without requiring any mechanical support. These tools are very important in surgical procedures and you should know about them a lot to use them better.
Kinds of sutures
Sutures are of many types and their utility is broad for surgical procedures. And yes, they also come with different properties and you should know them better to make the most and best out of them. Broadly speaking, they are categorized into two groups –
- Dissolvable sutures ( absorbable )
- Non – dissolvable sutures ( non-absorbable )
From the name, it’s quite evident which sutures break down in tissues after a specific period of time. Yes, absorbable surgical sutures will dissolve in the bloodstream as a wound or incision heals. On the other hand, non-absorbable ones don’t get dissolved and you need a surgeon to have them removed once the healing process is over.
Both of these types tend to be strong so that they don’t break easily and at least help in healing in a complete manner. Similarly, they are non-toxic and hypoallergenic with absolutely no adverse reactions of any type in the body. Further, both kinds tend to be flexible so that they can be tied or knotted easily.
High-quality sutures are those that lack “wick effect” where fluids can’t penetrate the body from the outside. This means they keep the body away from risks caused by infections.
Dissolvable sutures and their features
We have clearly seen how absorbable surgical sutures are important for surgical purposes. We should, however, move further and analyse their features and characteristics that help them do what they do.
Let’s look at some of those features –
- They are only made of materials that will break down in tissues within weeks for sure
- A wound generally takes three weeks to heal and after that, these sutures get dissolved and are not needed any more
- Since they get dissolved, nothing is left inside the body and hence, nothing is needed to be removed
- They are also of two types, natural dissolvable sutures and synthetic dissolvable sutures
- They are dissolvable so any risks of degradation is out of the way
- Patients needn’t meet a doctor or surgeon to get the sutures removed.